Viviers (also, Viviers-sur-Rhône) is a commune in the department of Ardèche in southern France.
M/S Chardonnay docked on the bank of the Rhone River
It is a small walled city situated on the right bank of the Rhône.
Viviers became the capital of the Gaulish Helvii tribe following the decline of nearby Alba-la-Romaine.
France, part of the European Union
In late Roman times, it also became a bishopric and the capital of the pays Vivarais. Today, it is still the see of the bishop of Ardèche.
bark of the Sycamore tree
playing boule lyonnaise
Jeu Provençal (also known as boule
lyonnaise) is a popular French form of boules.
The current version of the game
developed during the 18th century around the area of Lyon.
The Fédération Lyonnaise et Régionale was formed in 1906.
About the same time, in 1907, the sport of petanque split off to become its own sport.
It led to the formation of La Fédération Nationale des Boules in 1933.
That became the Fédération Française de Boules in 1942.
The rules are similar to the game of pétanque except that
A petanque terrain is about half the size of a jeu provencal terrain.
In petanque the feet are fixed in one spot while throwing, while in jeu provencal the normal practice is to take a short run-up to the throw.
These differences are due to the reason why petanque was invented -- to create a sport that was accessible to a disabled player in a wheelchair.
In petanque, each player has 3 boules when playing as singles; in Jeu Provencal (as in bocce) each player has 4.
Under official rules, the ground must measure 27.5 metres (30.1 yd) in length and between 2.5 to 4 metres (2.7 to 4.4 yd) in width, with a clear play area of 12.5 metres (13.7 yd) and 7.5 metres (8.2 yd) at each end (one end is the Landing zone, and the other is where the players stand and throw).
When the 'Jack' is thrown, it must land at least 12.5 metres (13.7 yd) away from the player.
The boules vary in size, weight, and composition, usually to accommodate the player's comfort, but tend to be made of bronze (with the jack being wooden) and are usually 90 to 110 millimetres (3.5 to 4.3 in) in diameter and weigh 900 to 1,200 grams (2.0 to 2.6 lb). They must be centrally balanced.
Text from Wikipedia
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