Cézanne in Aix-en-Provence
over this store front on the Mirabeau in
Aix-en-Provence is where his parents resided
before purchasing an estate on the edge of town
Cézanne, Paul (1839-1906), French painter, often
called the father of modern art, who strove to develop an ideal synthesis of
naturalistic representation, personal expression, and abstract pictorial order.
school where Cézanne and Zola were in school together
Cézanne was born in the southern French town of Aix-en-Provence, January 19,
1839, the son of a wealthy banker. His boyhood companion was Émile Zola, who
later gained fame as a novelist and man of letters. As did Zola, Cézanne
developed artistic interests at an early age, much to the dismay of his father.
In 1862, after a number of bitter family disputes, the aspiring artist was given
a small allowance and sent to study art in Paris, where Zola had already gone.
From the start he was drawn to the more radical elements of the Parisian art
world. He especially admired the romantic painter Eugène Delacroix and, among
the younger masters, Gustave Courbet and the notorious Édouard Manet, who
exhibited realist paintings that were shocking in both style and subject matter
to most of their contemporaries.
Chateau Noir outside of Aix-en-Provence
where Cézanne had a workroom
a nearby country house
Under Pissarro's tutelage, and within a very short time during 1872-1873, Cézanne shifted from dark tones to bright hues and began to concentrate on scenes of farmland and rural villages.
marker on a path he traveled near the Chateau Noir
the remains of a windmill known as Cézanne's windmill
watched over by our lady
Although he seemed less technically accomplished than the other impressionists, Cézanne was accepted by the group and exhibited with them in 1874 and 1877. In general the impressionists did not have much commercial success, and Cézanne's works received the harshest critical commentary. He drifted away from many of his Parisian contacts during the late 1870s and '80s and spent much of his time in his native Aix-en-Provence.
his studio building in Aix-en-Provence
studio was on the second floor
inside this window
which was restored with the help of an American group
1882, he did not work closely again with Pissarro. In 1886, Cézanne became
embittered over what he took to be thinly disguised references to his own
failures in one of Zola's novels. As a result he broke off relations with his
oldest supporter. In the same year, he inherited his father's wealth and
finally, at the age of 47, became financially independent, but socially he
remained quite isolated.
Text from Microsoft Encarta
he painted in the outdoors
near this tree
and at a favorite spot where he could also view Montagne Ste Victoire
closer view of Montagne Ste Victiore
on his path
(houses of a new development, but the tree survives)
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