Sault Ste. Marie

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Sault Sainte Marie


steel mill still operating in 1992

Sault Sainte Marie (Ontario), city, seat of Algoma District, southern Ontario, Canada. It is located on the Saint Marys River at the Sault Sainte Marie Canals, opposite Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan. The city is a busy port and is also a manufacturing and tourist center.


scrap metal being unloaded

Major products include steel, lumber, and paper. Sault Sainte Marie is home to several educational institutions, including Algoma University College, and to forest research facilities.


the industrial shore

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Agawa Canyon Train Tour


Agawa Canyon Park


Fall scene

Attractions include the Agawa Canyon Train Tour, the Sault Canal National Historic Site, the Canadian Bushplane Heritage Centre, the Sault Sainte Marie Museum, the Art Gallery of Algoma, and the Ermatinger/Clergue Heritage Site, which features the former homes of two fur traders. The dock at Roberta Bondar Park is the departure point for the Lock Tours Canada cruises of the Saint Marys River. Annual events include the Algoma Fall Festival and the Bon Soo Winter Carnival.


the train


the ticket

The site was settled by Europeans in 1783 when the North West Company built a fur-trading post. During the War of 1812, United States troops destroyed much of the settlement and the canals. In the late 19th century the community grew as a canal port and a railroad center. Sault Sainte Marie incorporated as a city in 1912.


bear tacks on the rail cars

Sault Sainte Marie covers a land area of 221.5 sq km (85.5 sq mi). Population 81,476 (1991); 80,054 (1996).


first stop


Black Beaver Falls


North Black Beaver Falls




closer view


Fall scenery



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Lock Tour


a Soo lock

Sault Sainte Marie Canals, also Soo Locks, three canals, east central North America, two in northeastern Michigan and one in southern Ontario. The canals, all toll-free, are in the Saint Marys River, which connects Lake Superior and Lake Huron. On opposite banks of the river are Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario.


the lock cruise ticket

The U.S. waterways, also called the Saint Marys Falls Canals, have four parallel locks and are each 2.3 km (1.4 mi) long. The North Canal includes Davis lock (opened 1914) and Sabin lock (1919), and the South Canal includes MacArthur lock (1943) and Poe lock (1969). The Canadian canal, 2.1 km (1.3 mi) long, has one lock (1895). These canals allow ships to navigate a section of the St. Marys River made hazardous by a 1.2-km (0.75-mi) stretch of rapids and a substantial drop in the level of the river (as much as 6.4 m/21 ft) from the elevation of Lake Superior to that of Lake Huron.


iron ore ship

The great bulk of the cargo carried through these busy canals, which are closed by ice from January to April, is east bound. Most of this cargo is iron ore and grain. The chief goods shipped west are coal and petroleum. Since the structural failure of the Canadian lock in 1987, all freight is shipped via the U.S. facilities.


coming to the lock


the lock

The first canal in the St. Marys River was opened on the Canadian side in 1798. It was destroyed during the War of 1812. After 1839, ships were moved around the rapids on rollers. In 1895, Canada completed its existing canal. A U.S. canal was completed by the state of Michigan in 1855. It was taken over in 1881 by the federal government and formed the basis for the present U.S. waterways.

Text from Microsoft Encarta


scrap metal for the steel mill


ship coming through the lock

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