Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Great Smoky Mountains
dedication in 1930 by President Roosevelt
Great Smoky Mountains National Park, national park in southeastern United States, in western North Carolina and eastern Tennessee. The park was authorized in 1926 and established in 1930.
site of dedication
The Great Smoky Mountains extend the entire length of the park and contain some of the highest peaks of eastern North America. Clingmans Dome (2,025 m/6,643 ft), located in Tennessee, is the park's highest peak.
on the Tennessee - North Carolina border
The park is noted for its luxuriant and diverse vegetation. Nearly 25 percent of its area is covered with virgin forest, and a total of 100 native species of trees have been identified. Eastern hemlock, red spruce, silver bell, yellow buckeye, mountain ash, and other trees grow to great heights. The peaks themselves are covered with forests of spruce and fir. Rhododendron, dogwood, laurel, and flame-colored azalea are among the flowering plants that grow throughout the park.
developed as a CCC project
A wildlife sanctuary, the park harbors black bear, bobcat, deer, red and gray fox, wild turkey, and ruffed grouse. The many streams are noted for their rainbow and brook trout and smallmouth bass.
The Appalachian Trail runs along the crest of the mountains
through the park. The Great Smoky Mountains name was inspired by the
ever-present blue haze that hangs above the area's lush vegetation. This "smoke"
results when vegetation releases water vapor and terpenes, natural oils produced
by plants, into the air. Area, 211,093 hectares (521,621 acres).
Text from Microsoft® Encarta®
Mountain Farm Museum
along the stream
the farm home
a presenter carrying squash
quilt frame stored along the ceiling
spring water flows through the wooden trough to keep foods cool
back of springhouse
corn and corn storage shed
corn and rail fence
People and Places