Lumber Barons

Harbor Lumber Barons

Lumber Barons



Charles Henry Hackley (born January 3, 1837; died January 10, 1905) was an important figure in the history of Muskegon, Michigan. He arrived in Muskegon in 1856, and created (with business partner Thomas Hume) the Hackley-Hume Lumber Mill on Muskegon Lake. The mill operated successfully in 1856-1894, closing in 1894 after most of Michigan's Lower Peninsula had been effectively deforested. While many lumber mill owners moved their operations to the Pacific Northwest, Hackley remained in Muskegon and focused on urban revitalization of that city.


Hackley became Muskegon's biggest philanthropist. In his own words: "A rich man to a great extent owes his fortune to the public. He makes money largely through the labor of his employees....Moreover, I believe that it should be expended during the lifetime of the donor, so that he can see that his benefactions do not miscarry and are according to his intent....To a certain extent, I agree with Mr. Carnegie....that it is a crime to die rich."




carriage house "barn" in back of the housese





side view of the carriage house




Charles Hackley's gifts to the city of Muskegon were valued at $12.0 million in 1905. They included:

* Hackley Public Library - Site, building, contents, and an endowment


Hackley Public Library

* Hackley Art Gallery - Site, building, contents, and an acquisition fund (renamed Muskegon Museum of Art)
* Hackley Park - Park, statues, and soldier's monument
* Hackley Manual Training School and Gymnasium - Site, building, and equipment (original home to Muskegon Community College, renamed Hackley Administration Building)
* Hackley Athletic Field (renamed Hackley Stadium - seats 10,000 for Muskegon High School football games)
* Hackley Hospital - Site, buildings, medical supplies and equipment, and an endowment
* City of Muskegon - Poor Fund Endowment
* Julia E. Hackley Educational Fund Endowment
* Muskegon Humane Union Endowment
* C. H. Hackley Hose Company No. 2


Thomas Hume House


Hackley Business partner


Thomas Hume House

Hackley was much more than a philanthropist, he along with business partner Thomas Hume were strong supporters of the city of Muskegon. Armed with funding from the Muskegon Industrial fund, Hackley and Hume were able to convince several companies to open shop in Muskegon, growth of these companies (most notably Brunswick, Central Paper Co (now Sappi Fine Paper) and Continental Motors (now L-3 Communications Inc.) would later provide thousands of jobs to Muskegonites for much of the twentieth century. Hackley is not only credited with his gifts to the city, but also stopping the ebb of people leaving Muskegon for jobs elsewhere after the lumber industry folded.


Thomas Hume House

Both Charles Hackley and Thomas Hume's homes are still standing, and after a major restoration in the mid 1990s, are open for tour to community visitors. Also open for tour is The City Barn which served as the pairs stable for horses and equipment. In addition, a replica of the building that housed the C. H. Hackley Hose Company No. 2 also serves as a museum. All are part of the Muskegon County Museum which is located downtown.

Text from Wikipedia

parents house


married into the Lumber Barron family


Hackley - Holt House


now a B&B


Queen Anne style




and turrets

Harbor Lumber Barons

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